Gender Pay Discrepancy

The gender gap pay discrepancy between men and women has remained relatively stablein the United States over the past 15 years. Going into 2022, women earn 82 cents for every $1men earn when comparing all women to men, a stat that has remained unchanged from 2021according to compensation data and software firm PayScale’s 2022 State... Continue Reading →


Introduction Inclusivity and Kindness Incantation Before I begin any discourse on legal and scientific scholarship surrounding the debate on transgender inclusion in competitive sport, may we listen to these five tenets of allyship for allies of Transgender people: (1) respect transgender people’s names and pronouns, (2) protect their confidentiality, particularly in the presence of the... Continue Reading →

Title IX’s Presence in the Player Compensation Era

As part of the Educational Amendments Act of 1972 to the 1964 Civil Rights Act, Congress enacted Title IX 20 U.S.C. § 1681 (“Title IX”).[1] More specifically, Title IX was enacted to redress past discrimination in athletics and to protect people from discrimination based on sex in education programs or activities that received financial assistance. ... Continue Reading →

Title IX Protections for LGBT Individuals

Title IX stands as a pillar for defending against sex-based discrimination, violence and assault in any school that receives federal funding. Initially, Title IX was enacted in 1972 to bridge a gap in federal law that failed to properly protect women, specifically in the school setting. However, opponents of Title IX fought the meaning of... Continue Reading →

Buffalo Sports Law Celebrates 50 Years of Title IX

On behalf of the Buffalo Sports and Entertainment Law Society, we are excited to present a three-day celebration of Title IX. Thursday, June 23, 2022, marks the 50th anniversary of the passage of Title IX. This federal civil rights law has been credited with profoundly changing education in the United States by barring sex discrimination... Continue Reading →

Title IX 50th Anniversary

This article is posted on behalf of Aviva Abramovsky, Dean, the University at Buffalo School of Law. As the first female Dean of the University at Buffalo School of Law, it is my great pleasure to take this opportunity to celebrate the seminal 50th Anniversary of Title IX.  The tremendous significance of this historic legislation... Continue Reading →

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